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Preventive Health and Wellness Guidelines


Male

Preventive Screenings and Vaccines For Men
How often you should receive it?
Criteria/Age
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening
One time
65 to 75 years of age who have ever smoked
Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Screening
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and the frequency of screening.
40 to 70 years of age who are overweight or obese
Alcohol Misuse Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older
Cholesterol/Lipids Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
35 years of age or older; 20 to 35 years of age, if at increased risk for coronary heart disease.
Colorectal Cancer Screening Colonoscopy
Every 10 years (but not within 48 months of a sigmoidoscopy screening)
50 to 75 years of age
If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Colorectal Cancer Screening Flexible Sigmoidoscopy combined with Fecal Occult blood test
Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years with fecal occult blood test done annually
50 to 75 years of age.
If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Colorectal Cancer Screening Fecal Occult blood test
Annually
50 to 75 years of age.
If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Depression Screening
Speak with your doctor about the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older
Flu (Influenza) Vaccine
One dose annually in fall or winter
6 Months or older
High Blood Pressure Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Age 18 and older.
HIV Infection, Screening
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
15 to 65 years of age; 65 and older if at increased risk
Lung Cancer Screening
CT Scan of Chest
Annually
55 to 80 years of age
Individuals have a 30 pack-year smoking history and currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years.
Periodic Health Assessment
Periodically
18 years of age or older
Pneumonia Vaccine
One dose
65 years of age or older
Prostate Cancer Screening
Prostate Specific Antigen Test (PSA)
This test is controversial.
Previous recommendation was 50 years of age, however, the US Prevention Services Task Force recommends against prostate cancer screening. Please speak with your physician concerning this screening.
Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Sexually active adults at increased risk.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Vaccine
One dose
60 years of age or older
Tetanus - Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis
One dose
19 to 64 years of age
Tetanus-Diptheria Booster
Every 10 years
Must have received initial Tdap dose.
Tuberculosis Screening
Speak to your doctor about risk factors and the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older, if at increased risk
Source: US Preventive Services Task Force
Last Updated: 03/05/2020

Female

Preventive Screenings and Vaccines For Women
How often you should receive it?
Criteria/Age
Alcohol Misuse Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older
Breast Cancer Screening
Mammogram
1 to 2 years
Speak with your doctor on screening frequency for you and if further testing is necessary.
50 to 74 years of age
Cholesterol/Lipids Screening
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and the frequency of screening.
45 years of age or older; 20 to 45 years of age, if at increased risk for coronary heart disease.
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Colonoscopy
Every 10 years (but not within 48 months of a sigmoidoscopy screening)
50 to 75 years of age If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy combined with Fecal Occult blood test
Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years with fecal occult blood test done annually.
50 to 75 years of age If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Fecal Occult Blood test
Annually
50 years of age or older. If less than 50 years of age, speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
Depression Screening
Speak with your doctor about the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older, including pregnant and postpartum women
Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Screening
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and the frequency of screening.
40 to 70 years of age who are overweight or obese
Flu (Influenza) Vaccine
One dose annually in fall or winter
6 Months or older
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Asymptomatic pregnant women, after 24 weeks of gestation
High Blood Pressure Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Age 18 and older.
HIV Infection, Screening
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
15 to 65 years of age; 65 and older if at increased risk
Intimate Partner Violence Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Women of childbearing age.
Lung Cancer Screening
CT Scan of Chest
Annually
55 to 80 years of age
Individuals who have a 30 pack-year smoking history and currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years.
Osteoporosis Screening
Bone Density Test
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
65 years of age or older and in younger women whose fracture risk is equal to or greater than that of a 65-year-old white woman who has no additional risk factors.
Periodic Health Assessment
Periodically
18 years of age or older
Pneumonia Vaccine
One dose
65 years of age or older
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) Screening
Speak with your doctor on the frequency of screening.
Sexually active adults at increased risk.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Vaccine
One dose
60 years or older
Tetanus, Diptheria, Acellular Pertussis (Tdap)
One dose
19 to 64 years old
Tetanus - Diphtheria Booster
Every 10 years
Must have received initial Tdap dose.
Tuberculosis Screening
Speak to your doctor about risk factors and the frequency of screening.
18 years of age or older, if at increased risk
Well Woman Exam
Cervical Cancer Screening (PAP smears and pelvic exams)
3 to 5 years
Speak with your doctor about risk factors and his/her recommendation on frequency of screening.
21 to 65 years of age (Pap Smear) or 30 to 65 years of age (in combo with HPV testing)
Source: US Preventive Services Task Force
Last Updated: 03/05/2020

Child & Adolescent

Recommendation
Age Group
Congenital Hypothyroidism, Screening
Newborns
Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Preventive Medication
Newborns
Phenylketonuria (PKU), Screening
Newborns
Sickle Cell Disease in Newborns, Screening
Newborns
Visual Impairment Screening
Children ages 3 to 5
Obesity in Children and Adolescents, Screening
Children and adolescents age 6 to 18.
Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents, Primary Care Interventions
School-age children and adolescents.
Skin Cancer, Counseling
Children and adolescents age 10 to 24 with fair skin.
Depression in Children and Adolescents, Screening
Adolescents age 12 to 18 - when systems are in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, psychotherapy, and follow-up.
HIV Infection, Screening
All adolescents starting at age 15; adolescents younger than 15 who are at increased risk.
Sexually Transmitted Infections, Counseling
All sexually active adolescents at increased risk for STIs.
Source: US Preventive Services Task Force
Last Updated: 03/05/2020
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