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Colorectal cancer is the second leading cancer killer in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Men and women 50 and older need regular screening tests. These tests can find polyps (abnormal growths) before they turn into cancer.
Even if you don’t have a family history, screening is recommended if you are 50 or older. Often this cancer does not have symptoms, so getting screened can save your life. There are other tests in addition to a colonoscopy. Ask your doctor about which test is best for you.
|Test||How Often||Test Details|
|Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)||Every Year||Home test kit that uses a stick or brush to get a small amount of stool. The test goes to the doctor or a lab for results.|
|High Sensitivity Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)||Every Year||Home test kit that uses a stick or brush to get a small amount of stool. The test goes to the doctor or a lab for results.|
|Colonoscopy||Every 10 Years||A doctor uses a long, thin, flexible, lighted tube to check for polyps or cancer. The tube is inserted into the rectum and the doctor can remove polyps or cancer at the same time.|
|Flexible Sigmoidoscopy||Every 5 Years||A doctor puts a short, thin, flexible, lighted tube into the rectum. The doctor checks for polyps or cancer.|
Always talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of any test or procedure. Together we can put a stop to colorectal cancer deaths. Don’t wait for symptoms! If you are 50 or older, call your doctor about colorectal cancer screening options today.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention